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From the beginning of the written word and written texts, important events and facts have been recorded in documents. Over the ages, there have been changes in the way documents have been prepared, information stored, and documents registered, but their main purpose has remained the same: the communication of information. The first information about Lithuania reached us in 1009, when a nun of noble Saxon descent at the St. Servatius convent in Quedlinburg wrote down the word Litua. As the Canadian archivist Arthur George Doughty has so accurately stated, archives are one generation's gift to another, and the way we care for them is a mark of our civilization. The knowledge of one's national written heritage is important for every nation and state because it strengthens its citizens' historical and civic consciousness.
One of the projects of the Lithuanian Millennium Programme, the exhibition Lithuania in Ancient Historical Sources, was to be displayed in the reconstructed Palace of the Grand Duke of Lithuania, but for a variety of reasons, opened at the Museum of Applied Art. The project team set itself an ambitious goal - to present to the public the most important documents illustrating Lithuanian history.